• In the last 200 years since vaccination was started, millions of lives have been saved and disabilities prevented.
  • Nevertheless, many more millions are dying and suffering due to inability to access these life-saving vaccines
  • Past vaccination successes include
    • Small pox was eradicated
    • Polio was eliminated especially in America, Europe and Western Pacific region
    • Measles-elimination (North- and South America) or measles control (in many poor countries but notably not in Europe)
    • Significant reduction of disease burden against diphtheria, tetanus, rubella and invasive Hib-disease
  • More than 20 diseases which are life-threatening are now vaccine-preventable. 
  • Improvement in vaccine coverage and inclusion of newer and underutilized vaccines for national immunization programs can seek help from agencies like WHO, GAVI, IVI, World Bank and other NGOs. 
  • Different countries avail of various ways for their people to access vaccines. 
  • Improved vaccine advocacy and disease surveillance are needed for health policymakers to appreciate the value of vaccination. 
  • A vaccine calendar for all age groups should be set up in each country based on the disease burden and cost benefit and cost savings analysis of the vaccines to be used in that country.